Тематичний план лекцій загальна психологія спеціальність: «Медична психологія» 1 курс

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Practical tasks and psychological situations
1. How is called the attention which is provoked by exterior objects without conscious intension of a man to be attentive to them?

a) involuntary;

b) voluntary;

c) postvoluntary.

2. Name man’s ability to concentrate on a certain object for a long time:

a) persistency of attention;

b) distribution of attention;

c) concentration;

d) switching of attention.
3. How is called the ability of a person to change orientation of his/her activity consciously?

a) switching of attention;

b) fluctuation of attention;

c) persistence of attention;

d) volume of attention;

e) distribution of attention.

4. Name the type of attention which has purposeful character but does not require volitional efforts:

a) involuntary;

b) voluntary;

c) postvoluntary.

5. Analyzer receptors on the surface of a body are called:

a) proprioceptor;

b) interoceptor;

c) exteroceptor.

6. Do you agree with the statement that the feeling of organ movements is realized with the help of interoceptors?

a) yes;

b) no.
7. Which of the following regularities of feeling is superfluous?

a) absolute sensitivity of organs of sense;

b) adaptation;

c) sensibilization;

d) ambivalence.
8. What does the adaptation of analyzer to the action of irritant manifest in?

a) increased sensitivity;

b) decreased sensitivity;

c) adjustment to irritant;

d) loss of capacity to feel.
9. In which item are only perception properties named?

a) integrity, contrast, objectivity, adaptation;

b) objectivity, comprehension, constancy, integrity;

c) sensibilization, integrity, objectivity;

d) constancy, adaptation, comprehension, objectivity.
10. Where does comprehension of perception reside in?

a) relative constancy of perceived image;

b) relative correctness of object reflection;

c) understanding of the core of perceived object.

11. Which of the items deals with perception?

a) a man hears a melody of a song, sees a familiar landscape, a bunch of flowers

b) a man feels green color, taste, pain.
12. Depending on what is perception divided in perception of space, time and movement?

a) object of perception;

b) main analyzer;

c) forms material essence;

d) man’s activity.
13. How is incorrect, frustrated perception called?

a) hallucinations;

b) pseudo-hallucinations;

c) illusion.

  1. Characterize fundamental peculiarities of memory as a cognitive process.

  2. What is the role of memory in psychic life of a person?

  3. What is the physiological basis of memory?

  4. What is the nature of association?

  5. What types of association do you know? Give examples.

  6. Characterize main processes of memory.

  7. What is memorization? What are the main characteristics and types of memorization?

  8. What are logical and practical memorizations?

  9. Name fundamental conditions of successful memorization.

  10. What is reproduction? What are the types of reproduction?

  11. What is forgetting? What reasons of forgetting do you know?

  12. Basing on what principles is memory divided?

  13. Characterize types of memory. Give examples.

  14. What is the essential type of memory for a doctor?

  15. What disturbances of memory do you know?

Practical tasks and psychological situations
1. Which item contains correct classification of memory types by the character of psychic activity?

a) graphic, motional, verbal and logic, short-term;

b) graphic, visual, motional, verbal and logical, short-term;

c) acoustic, graphic, logical, emotional, motional, voluntary;

d) emotional, graphical, verbal and logical, motional.
2. What are there types of memorization depending on thinking participation in its work?

a) logical, mechanical, graphic;

b) operative, notional, mechanic;

c) mechanic, logical.

3. Name the type of memory that manifests in memorization of fairy tale argument by a child:

a) motional;

b) verbal and logical;

c) graphical.

  1. What do peculiarities of thinking as a form of cognitive activity consist in?

  2. What is the role of thinking in man’s life and activity?

  3. What is the physiological basis of thinking?

  4. Characterize fundamental thinking operation. Give examples.

  5. Expose the role of thinking operations in medical activity.

  6. What is problematic situation? Give examples.

  7. What is the basis for the classification of thinking? What are the principles of classification of thinking do you know?

  8. Characterize main types of thinking. Give example.

  9. What does the correlation between speech and thinking consist in?

  10. Name individual characteristics of thinking.

  11. What is imagination as a psychic process?

  12. What does the specific character of reality reflection in the process of imagination consist in?

  13. Expose the role of imagination in the life and activity of a man and of a doctor.

  14. Name and characterize types of imagination. Give examples.

  15. What methods of creation of images do you know? Give examples.Characterize the process of creation of imagination images?

Practical tasks and psychological situations
1. Which of the following mental operations is superfluous?

a) analysis;

b) illusion;

c) synthesis;

d) comparison;

e) generalization;

f) abstraction;

g) concretization.

2. Make comparative analysis of the following main types of thinking:

a) notion;

b) judgment;

c) deduction.

3. Which type of thinking prevails in doctor’s activity?

a) visual and efficient;

b) visual and graphic;

c) notional.

4. Which of the following statements has generalized character?

a) problematic situation;

b) problematic task.
5. Creation of images of imagination which is realized by means of combination of elements taken from the other conceptions is called:

a) agglutination;

b) accentuation;

c) typification;

d) schematization.
6. Do animals have imagination?

a) yes;

b) no.
7. Which item give the correct definition of dream as a type of imagination?

a) dream is creation by a man of images which refer to his/her future;

b) dream is creation by a man of desired images which refer to his/her future;

c) dream is creative imagination oriented to the future.

  1. What is the difference between emotions and feelings?

  2. What functions of emotions do you know?

  3. Name fundamental emotional states. Characterize them.

  4. Characterize the types of emotions and the types of feelings.

  5. What role do emotions and feelings play in vital activity of a person?

  6. What is will? What role does it play in psychic activity of a person?

  7. What do the main functions of will manifest in?

  8. What is will power and how is it caused?

  9. What types of volitional activity do you know?

  10. Name volitional qualities of a person? Of a doctor ? Characterize them.

Practical tasks and psychological situations
1. Which item contains only feelings?

a) anger, fear, pleasure, self-respect;

b) love, need, dissatisfaction, thirst;

c) conscience, hatred, pain;

d) shame, sympathy,

e) happiness, sympathy, love, friendship;

f) irony, humor, indifference, enthusiasm, carelessness, power;

g) surprise, delight, love, aim.

2. Which item contains only simple emotions:

a) pleasure, satisfaction, annoyance, aversion;

b) joy, pleasure, dissatisfaction, aversion;

c) shame, annoyance, anger, satisfaction;

d) fear, dissatisfaction, anger, pleasure?
3. Which item contains only emotions:

a) aversion, pleasure, annoyance, shame;

b) joy, grief, fear, anger;

c) dissatisfaction, annoyance, shame;

d) shame, grief, anger, annoyance;

e) pleasure, joy, fear, shame?

4. Which item contains only moral feelings:

a) collectivity, patriotism, friendship, love, sympathy;

b) love, doubt, shame, friendship, responsibility;

c) humanity, surprise, sympathy, indifference;

d) friendship, collectivity, patriotism, irony?
5. Which item contains only intellectual feelings:

a) responsibility, sympathy, antipathy, indifference;

b) humor, interest, confidence, feeling of something new;

c) inquisitiveness, friendship, collectivity, shame;

d) enthusiasm, feeling of something new, responsibility, shame?
6. Which item contains only positive volitional qualities:

a) purposefulness, perseverance, obstinacy, courage;

b) independence, purposefulness, courage, decisiveness;

c) self-control, perseverance, obstinacy?

7. Which item contains the correct definition of courage:

a) ability to admit and judge your own mistake;

b) participation in critics of out-of-date methods of lab works;

c) inability to make courageous deeds in gamy situation?

8. Determine volitional quality of a person:

A student to develop his/her will very often stops reading in an interesting moment and does not resume within 2-3 days. Thus he/she develops:

a) self-control;

b) independence;

c) discipline;

d) perseverance;

e) purposefulness?

  1. In what way do you think temperament manifests?

  2. What properties of psychic activity are characterized by temperament?

  3. Who was the first to identify the man’s temperament?

  4. Talk about physiological basis of temperament. Talk about the highest neural activity research by I.P. Pavlov.

  5. What do the extravert peculiarities manifest in?

  6. What do the introvert peculiarities manifest in?

  7. Tell the temperament types and give their psychological characteristics.

  8. Why does a doctor have to know peculiarities of his/her patient temperament?

  9. Give the definition of “character”.

  10. What does character mean for man’s life and activity?

  11. How is character connected with thinking, feelings, will and purposefulness of a person?

  12. What is the difference between character and temperament?

Practical tasks and psychological situations
1. Who was the first to make an attempt to determine types of temperament:

a) A. Kant;

b) I.P. Papov;

c) Hypocrite;

d) Aristotle;

e) Krechmer?

2. Which of the following main properties of temperament are superfluous:

a) sensitivity;

b) reactivity;

c) activity;

d) rate of reaction;

e) flexibility and rigidity;

f) extravert and introvert?
3. What temperament is responsible for inhibitory character of neural system:

a) phlegmatic;

b) choleric;

c) sanguine;

d) melancholic?
4. Is it more difficult to develop such qualities as control and self-regulation in:

a) phlegmatic;

b) choleric;

c) sanguine;

d) melancholic?
5. Which of the following peculiarities of character are superfluous:

a) integrity;

b) purposefulness;

c) level of persistency and deepness;

d) activity;

e) power of character?

6. Which items contain only positive features of character:

a) initiative, diligence, tidiness, irresponsibility;

b) ability to work, egoism, boastfulness, immodesty, politeness;

c) modesty, squandering, exactingness, self-criticism;

d) tactfulness, economy, delicacy, responsibility?
7. Which item contains those features of character which manifest in deeds, attitude to the reality:

a) tactfulness, politeness, delicacy, envy;

b) tactlessness, tidiness, cruelty;

c) initiative, diligence, assiduity, conscientiousness;

d) honesty, hypocrisy, immodesty?
8. Which of the statements are correct:

a) abilities exist independently from activity;

b) abilities can not exist beyond activity;

c) abilities manifest and develop in activity;

d) abilities develop on the basis of inclinations?
9. Below there are examples of abilities, skills and knowledge of a man. Taking into account properties that are peculiar to abilities determine in what cases it refers exactly to them.

a) length of hands of a boxer;

b) aspiration for constant work;

c) erudition in a definite field of knowledge;

d) observation which manifests in what a man systematically notices in objects, phenomena and behaviour of other people and in many important things for his/her work with them.

e) quick memorization of shapes, color, volume of objects;

f) quick mastering of new movements;

g) exactingness;

h) competent answer to a question.
10. How is the highest manifestation of talent called:

a) endowments;

b) genius;

c) ability?

  1. What is communication?

  2. What does communication mean for psychological development of a man?

  3. What does social essence of communication lie in?

  4. What is the main purpose of communication?

  5. Tell the communication functions and characterize them.

  6. Characterize types of communication. Give examples.

  7. What do culture of nonverbal communication manifest in?

  8. What is conflict in communication?

  9. Tell the reasons of conflicts in communication.

  10. What styles of behavior in conflict situations do you know?

  11. What does communication mean for the professional activity of a doctor?

  12. What is the connection between language and speech? What are their main functions?

  13. What do the communication peculiarities as process consist in?

  14. What is aphasia? Characterize its types.

  15. Why do you think it is important to hold social and psychological trainings of communication?

Practical tasks and psychological situations
1. Which of the following properties does not refer to the structure of communication?

a) communicative;

b) integrative;

c) perceptive;

d) cognitive.
2. Which of the following statements does not refer to communication?

a) communication of opinions;

b) variety of human activity;

c) specific social form of informational connectivity;

d) process of interaction between people during which psychological contact is established which is characterized by communication of certain information;

e) there is no correct answer;

f) all answers are correct.
3. Communication function of language is:

a) a form of communication of thoughts;

b) a connection of words in sentence;

c) a function of communication, communication of thoughts, desires, aspirations.

5. The form of speech when only one person speaks and the others just perceive his/her speech is called:

a) interior speech;

b) dialogue speech;

c) monologue speech.

Substantial module 2. Basis of pedagogic
1.Ideas of current importance of education in Ukraine

  1. Education in developed countries of the world

  2. Pedagogical activity of foreign and Ukrainian doctors-pedagogues

  3. Pedagogic and folk medicine

  4. Influence of activity on evolution of a personality

  5. Psychic and pedagogical peculiarities of new born children age

  6. Psychic and pedagogical peculiarities of infancy and early childhood

  7. Psychic and pedagogical peculiarities of child preschool age and primary school age

  8. Psychic and pedagogical problems adolescence and youthful age

  9. Psychic and pedagogical aspects of mature age

  10. Psychology of aging

  11. Ways of optimization of educational process

  12. Idea of national education in pedagogical thought of the 20th century

  13. Family as basis for education of a personality with high level morality
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